The Islamic Madrid

Madrid is the only western capital founded by Muslims. Emir Mohamed I erected the first building, a fortress from which to defend Toledo. That 'alcázar' (al-qasr), where today stands the Royal Palace, was the origin of Mayrit, the Arabic name from which Madrid was derived. The vestiges of the first wall, the layout of the old medina, the minarets that remain, the water pipes... A surprising discovery.

Info & location
Some vestiges of the Islamic Madrid
The Emir's park & the wall

In 2010, an Andalusian-style park dedicated to the city's founder, Emir Muhammad I, was inaugurated close to the Royal Palace and the Cathedral. The remains of the Islamic wall that can be seen here belong to the first walled enclosure of Madrid, built in the 9th century.

Old alminar or Mudejar tower?

Is the tower of the church of San Nicolás, found in the heart of the old Madrid, the minaret of one of the six mosques that were in the Islamic Madrid? It's possible. No doubt that, at least, it's a Mudejar tower built by Muslim masters under the new christian rulers.

The former Muslim quarter

In La Latina, today one of the liveliest quarters, was the Mudejar area: the place where the Muslims moved to live after the conquest of Alfonso VI in 1085. There was an Islamic Court, hammam, mosques, a wedding house... The name of some streets recall that past.

The 'qanats' or water canals

We refer to the system of canals to collect underground aquifers that the Arabs brought from Persia to Mayrit in the 9th century. The 124 kilometers of water canals estimated to remain under the asphalt in Madrid were in operation until the late 19th century.